EMDR stands for Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing. EMDR is a comprehensive psychotherapy approach that integrates emotions, thoughts, and body sensations. EMDR has been extensively researched and shown effective for the treatment of trauma and various other mental health problems.
The goal of EMDR therapy is to "process" the experiences that are causing your current problems or symptoms and to introduce new experiences that help achieve a sense of health and well-being.
"Processing" does not mean talking about it.
"Processing" refers to setting up a specific brain state that will allow experiences that are causing problems to be "digested" and stored appropriately in your brain. This means that the useful information from these experiences will be kept and stored with appropriate emotions in your brain, and will thus be able to guide you in positive ways in the future. The inappropriate or unhelpful emotions, beliefs/thoughts, and body sensations will be "digested" or discarded.
Negative emotions, negative thoughts, unpleasant body sensations and unhelpful behaviors are generally caused by unresolved earlier experiences that are giving you bad information and thus pushing you in unhealthy directions.
The goal of EMDR therapy is to discard those negative unhelpful emotions, thoughts, and body sensations and leave you with helpful emotions, thoughts, and perspectives that will guide you towards healthy behaviours and well-being.
Check out these videos to understand more about how EMDR works to process unhelpful emotions, thoughts, and body sensations.